For more detail about research referred to visit London cultural-infrastructure-toolbox
GLA led research based on National Archives dataset.
Sites with buildings which provide workspace either soley for artists or a mixture of artists and other creative industries tenants.
Artistic activity is defined as a fine artist whose visual output and medium involves the production of original works of research, exploration or artistic expression, either one-of-a-kind or in a limited number of copies. Activity in this context is not driven by commercial gain (although they are by no means prohibited from having this). The approach to the production of art is driven by the artist, not the client.
Sites may also provide for a mix of creative tenants as well as artists.
GLA commissioned research. Led by We Made That. Sourced from public sources and surveys directly with the artists workspace sector.
Buildings which are used for multi-use/multi-artform purposes. Providing three or more of the following facilities: performing arts space, visual art gallery space, museum facilities, cinema space, education space and/or rehearsal studios, archives and/or library facilities. The space must offer some professional programming of multiple artforms (performing or visual arts) alongside community programming.
GLA led research. Future Arts Centres – verification of data.
Buildings which have a fixed screen for cinema projection where tickets are available for the public to purchase.
GLA led research. Independent Cinema Office – provision of initial dataset.
Buildings which are owned by a housing association or local authority for the purpose of serving a community; providing facilities for the development of the recreational, cultural and personal welfare of members of that community; and/or a meeting place for voluntary organisations or other groups in the community which need accommodation.
Buildings which are used by for-profit and privately-owned art galleries.
Buildings which are targeted for creative industries tenants who are primarily desk-based in their activity. Co-working spaces are shared by two or more individuals or small businesses. There are typically no creative or technical facilities for making provided on site. Along with deskspace, shared amenity facilities are often provided (e.g. kitchen, meeting rooms), beyond the minimal service office offer.
Buildings which provide workspace for creative industries businesses. These can provide any combination of shared workstations, supporting facilities and creative facilities (workshop, gallery, sound- proofed studios etc.) with easy in-out contractual conditions for professionals working in the creative industries.
Buildings which are used for dance performances. These are only included if they can be attended or booked by the public.
Buildings which provide bookable studios for the dance sector. Spaces within drama/dance/music schools are not included unless they are publicly bookable spaces.
Buildings are used for fashion and textiles manufacturing businesses. They provide specialised design, artistic creation and other manufacturing. These businesses are mostly involved in the design of fashion apparel and accessories, although some more directly engage with manufacturing processes for the fashion industry.
Heritage at Risk Register provided by Historic England. This contains buildings, places of worship, monuments, parks and gardens, conservation areas, battlefields and wreck sites that are listed and have been assessed and found to be at risk.
GLA commissioned research. Led by Historic England
Buildings which provide space for jewellery design, making and manufacturing services.
Buildings used for delivering large scale media production for all screen sectors (film/games) but also commonly offering pre-production (sets and manufacture of props, drapes, costumes), post production (visual effects, CGI) and market testing (re-shooting, editing and refining prior to distribution).
GLA led research.
Walls recognised by local authorities and wall owners as authorised spaces for street art practice. Only walls which have been confirmed as legal by owners have been included.
Buildings used as cultural venues which operate at night time for use by the LBGT+ community.
UCL Urban Lab research maintained by GLA.
GLA and UCL Urban Lab.
Buildings used for public and community libraries. This excludes libraries affiliated with higher education institutions.
A building which is for the time being included in a list compiled or approved by the Secretary of State under this section; and for the purposes of this Act - (a) any object or structure fixed to the building; (b) any object or structure within the curtilage of the building which, although not fixed to the building, forms part of the land and has done so since before 1st July 1948, shall subject to subsection (5A)(a) be treated as part of the building." s1(5) Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990.
A building which proves both accommodation and workspace combined or tethered workspace for artists and creatives.
GLA led research.
Buildings which provide communal studio space/s with shared technical/production facilities for artists and makers to make use of collectively.
Businesses which are providing specialised manufacturing services and/or products to a range of creative sectors. These include CNC cutting, model-making, 3D production, woodcraft and timber product manufacturing, joinery and fabrication, welding, sheet metal cutting, printing, etc.
Buildings used for museum collections. This includes art museums, history and other specialised museums. This excludes open-air museums, activities of commercial art galleries, restoration of works of art and museum collection objects, activities of libraries and archives. Art museums differ from commercial art galleries in that they usually have permanent collections or endowments and do not try to sell the artworks on a regular basis.
GLA compiled research.
Buildings used for businesses including music publishing, music labels, reproduction of sound recordings and music management.
Buildings which provide publicly bookable studios for musicians. Spaces within drama/dance/music schools are not included unless they are publicly bookable spaces.
Premises which programme over six music events per year have been included. This includes grassroots music venues, clubs, pubs, musical theatre and bars.
Venues defined as grassroots set out by the Music Venue Trust and the GLA.
GLA commissioned research led by the Music Venues Trust.
Large-scale outdoor space for events, festivals and public cultural activities with a minimum capacity of 10,000.
This data has been crowdsourced from local authorities. If there is data missing this is due to a local authority not adding information.
Buildings which are used by businesses involved in the making and hiring of props and costumes for film, theatre, TV and other creative sectors. This includes puppetry, automation and motion control of props and other hyper-specialised production needs.
GLA commissioned research. Led by We Made That.
Buildings defined by CAMRA as pubs. Licensed premises must be open to and welcome the general public without requiring membership or residency, allow free entry (1), serve at least one draught beer (2), allow drinking without requiring food to be consumed, have at least one indoor area not laid out for meals, and permit drinks to be purchased in person at a bar (3), without relying on table service.’ (1) Except when entertainment is provided on limited occasions (2) Includes cask or keg beer (3) Includes also a hatch or specific service point’
Data provided by the Campaign for Real Ale.
A historic building or site that is included in the Schedule of Monuments kept by the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. The regime is set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979
Buildings used for the design and fabrication of larger-scale scenery for film, fashion, TV, theatre and other creative sectors. Businesses may be highly-specialised or cater to a range of sectors and often provide both design and fabrication services in house.
Purpose-built structures for skateboarding and BMX.
Buildings where businesses that provide services to the fashion industry and other creative sectors, such as textile design, furniture, interiors, etc. Business activities include processes such as the printing and dyeing of textiles, embroidery, knitting, etc.
A building which has a studio which is used by the theatre sector, or a facility which has been appropriated for use by performers and is recognised as an appropriate rehearsal facility which is publicly bookable in some way. Spaces within drama/dance/music schools are not included unless they are publicly bookable spaces.
GLA commissioned research led by BOP. With thanks to Swain, Robert and Mansfield, Tom (2016): Birkbeck-Jerwood Space London Rehearsal Room Survey 2016.
Buildings with 30 public performances per year.
GLA commissioned research led by BOP in partnership with the Theatres Trust.
Audience Agency tendency to attend arts
Data derived from Audience Agency. https://www.theaudienceagency.org/audience-spectrum
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